Identification of Pharmaceutically Important Constituents of Quinoa Root


  • Iqra Haider Khan Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Pakistan
  • Arshad Javaid Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Pakistan



Bioactive constituents, Chenopodium quinoa, n-hexane extract, GC-MS analysis, root


The present investigation was carried out to explore the bioactive compounds from the n-hexane fraction of methanolic extract of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) roots. For this purpose, C. quinoa roots were collected, shade dried, and crushed into a fine powder. The powdered material was extracted in methanol, filtered, and the filtrate was partitioned with n-hexane, followed by GC-MS analysis of the n-hexane fraction. The quantitative determination of this fraction revealed the presence of 15 phytochemical constituents of diverse nature. Among these, octadec-9-enoic acid (44.18%); n-hexadecanoic acid (18.87%); methyl (Z)-octadec-9-enoate (12.87%); methyl hexadecanoate (4.30%); 2,3-dihydroxypropyl elaidate (3.63%); phthalic acid (3.08%); methyl octadecanoate (2.27%) and 1,12-tridecadiene (2.00%) were prevailing as the most abundant to moderately occurring compounds. A thorough literature survey was carried out to collect information regarding the pharmaceutical properties of the identified compounds. It showed some of the identified compounds namely dodecanoic acid;  tetradecanoic acid; 2-benzoyl-d-galactosan; n-hexadecanoic acid; methyl octadecanoate; octadec-9-enoic acid;  and 2,3-dihydroxypropyl elaidate possess antifungal, antibacterial, antioxidant, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and/or anti-cancer properties.

Author Biographies

Iqra Haider Khan, Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Pakistan

Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Pakistan.

Arshad Javaid, Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Pakistan

Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Pakistan.


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How to Cite

Khan, I. H., & Javaid, A. . (2023). Identification of Pharmaceutically Important Constituents of Quinoa Root. Jordan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 16(1), 96–102.